An essay outline is a way of planning the structure of your essay before you start writing.

It involves writing quick summary sentences or phrases for every point you will cover in each paragraph, giving you a picture of how your argument will unfold.

Introduction Hook Background Thesis statement

 Topic one First point First piece of evidence Second piece of evidence Second point First piece of evidence Second piece of evidence

Topic two First point First piece of evidence Second piece of evidence Second point First piece of evidence Second piece of evidence

Topic three First point First piece of evidence Second piece of evidence Second point First piece of evidence Second piece of evidence

Conclusion Summary/synthesis Importance of topic Strong closing statement

You can choose whether to write your outline in full sentences or short phrases.

Be consistent in your choice; don’t randomly write some points as full sentences and others as short phrases.

If your ideas change or it becomes clear that your structure could be better, it’s okay to depart from your essay outline. Just make sure you know why you’re doing so.